History of Victoria TerminusThe Chatrapati Shivaji station earlier known as Victoria Terminus. It was constructed in the year of 1888 designed by the British architect FW Stevens. Later on this building design became the label of Mumbai city, so the city was known as the gothic city. At that time it was one of the gorgeous and spectacular architecture of that century also one of the perfect example of the combination of British and Indian designs.
It was one of the largest markets available at that time and also acts as the platform for the commercial and trading activities, because of which the Victoria Terminus also known as Bori Bandar. The construction of this famous terminus took 10 long years and the architecture style used was a mixed culture system.
It is noteworthy to remember the fact that, this was the most expensive construction during that period in Mumbai. In the year 1929, the government took some steps to modify this terminus and done some maintenance to this station for handling the major railway traffic in the Mumbai city. After this modification, the Victoria Terminus was renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST).
Victoria Terminus Renamed to Chhatrapati Shivaji TerminusSuresh Kalmadi, the Minister of Railways, renamed the Victoria terminus to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in the year 1996, in honor of the Maratha Empire’s founder, Chhatrapati Shivaji. This station was displayed prominently in the Academy Award winning film, Slumdog Millionaire in the year 2008.
The Architecture of Victoria TerminusThe style and decoration of the building imitate the Victorian Gothic style, which is a combination of the Indian and European culture. There are many spires are visible at the top of the building and the architecture is completed with the round shaped arches as well as the windows. For the arches and windows, the equality have been properly given according to the Indian culture.
The entrance of Victoria Terminus is surrounded by the spire of lion and tiger. The tiger is representing two countries Britain and India. Both figures are made by the sandstone and limestone. The interiors are designed with the highest quality of Italian marbles.
Also the Chhatrapati Shivaji terminus has 18 railway lines. The traditional type of wood carving is done in the Victoria Terminus. That is one of the cultured styles of the architecture. The Victoria Terminus was built with the terms of civil engineering and railway engineering.
The Victoria Terminus has the 330 foot long platform. The each corner is well designed by the architect and the each edge of the arches is designed with the attractive blue stones. The terminus was constructed with the best quality products and good technologies have used in the industrial revolution styles merged with the Gothic revival style.
Victoria Terminus Attacked by TerroristsThis station also became the platform for one of the major terrorist attack in the country. It was on November 26, 2008, two terrorists entered the hall of the Victoria Terminus, then started firing and threw grenades at the people over there. 58 people died and 104 were injured during this attack.
Suburban Network at Victoria TerminusA major group of the Mumbai population depends on the suburban network trains for their daily travel. The network of suburban trains or local trains radiating out from Victoria terminus. The station serves the Central Line and the Harbour line of the suburban lines. On the Central Line trains stop at Ghatkopar, Kurla, Thane, Kalyan, Dombivli, Ambarnath, Karjat, Badlapur, Khopoli, Asangaon, Kasara and Titwala. The trains stop at Andheri, Bandra, Mankhurd, Belapur, Panvel and Vashi on the Harbous line. Victoria Terminus has 18 platforms, in that 12 are for long distance trains and six are for local trains.
Specialties of the Victoria TerminusVictoria terminus acts as the headquarter of the central railway of Indian railways. The building is decorated with the neo gothic roof. Each day the terminus handles around 1000 trains as well as 2 million passengers. The waiting room is well decorated with lots of facilities. Many attractive wood carving and stone decorations are visible inside the waiting room.
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