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Mumbai High Court

Administration in a proper way is always needed for right growth and development of a state. After being republic, right governance was the prime concern for India. If we talk about courts as in supreme courts, high courts and lower level courts- Indian courts have always maintained a perfect regime.

The Mumbai High Court, formerly known as Bombay High Court and popular as is one of the oldest High Courts of India. The Mumbai High Court has regional branches at Aurangabad and Nagpur in Maharashtra and Panaji, Goa with control over the states of Maharashtra & Goa, and, the Union Territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.

It is one of the most notable high courts in the India and since Independence, 22 judges from Bombay high court have been eminent to the Supreme Court and 8 of the judges have even been Chief Justice of India. In fact, the first Chief Justice, the Solicitor General and the Attorney General of our Independent India were form the same court only and thus it has its own reputation.

In terms of the decision making, the decision or any verdict given/ taken by Mumbai/ Bombay High Court can only be challenged by appealing only to the Supreme Court of India. It has unique jurisdiction in count to its Appellate and also has the strength of in total 75 extremely experienced and qualified judges.

One of the oldest court in Inid: The Mumbai High Court

History of Bombay High Court

The Court had begun its working on 14 August 1862, according to several credible information available through various sources. The court reportedly as an institution did not follow any changes even after the city name  was transformed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995 and chose to remain as the Bombay High Court only.

The infrastructure was created by British engineer Col. J.A. Fuller and it has been in Early English Gothic revival style. The first sitting in the house was on 10 January 1879 as the work on the present building of the High Court was completed in November 1878.

Cases, Chief Justice, the Judges, Jurisdiction and the Benches at Mumbai High Court

As mentioned above, the court has a Authorized strength of 75 judges and also has a proportion of 1:1.61 million: judges to people. The current CJ is hon'ble Mr. Justice Mohit S. Shah, who was the former CJ of Calcutta High Court and also earlier the eldest most judges at the Gujarat High Court.
The Bombay High Court reportedly handles 3.4 lakh cases- both civil and criminal and a whole bunch of 32 sitting judges of the same court disposed around 2,000 cases back in the year 2004, as reported by various media sources.

Also as earlier mentioned, the Bombay High Court has the given states under its juridiction Maharashtra, Goa and the Union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli and also has benches in Aurangabad, Panaji and Nagpur. The Bar Council of Goa and Maharashtra has enrolled approximately 90,000 Advocates on its Roll till October 2009- as per the information available.

Historical Cases administrated by the Bombay High Court

The Bombay or Mumbai High Court is well known for its great legal importance and has handled many famous notable trials. Some of the very famous cases of Bombay High Court are listed below of utter historical importance:
  • The Trial of Rama Komathi in the year 1720
  • Bwala Murder Case in the year 1925
  • Mullaji Case (Chandabhoy Gulla Case) in the year between 1918 and 1919
  • Maharaj Libel Case in the year 1862
  • The Kalbadevi Shooting Case in the year 1946
  • The Caucus Case in the year 1908 and many more.
The above mentioned cases were mostly criminal trials which are really interesting and of utmost importance because of reason of certain unusual or spectacular features, or some extraordinary circumstances which caused a stir or sensation within the Indian public at the time of their occurrence.
Many famous trials and cases have been conducted in this historic court in Mumbai and there were some outstanding Indian judges of the Bombay High Court before Independence, such as Mahadev Govind Ranade, Badruddin Tyabji, Narayan Ganesh Chandavarkar and Kashinath Trimbak Telang.

The court's contribution to the administration, law and jurisprudence of justice is countless and will always be remarkable in the Indian history of law and order. The Bombay High Court has seen and passed through many circumstantial variations over its 150 years long journey but till date it is able to retain its stature.

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