History of the Mumbai PortMumbai Port has been used by ships and boats for centuries. The Prince’s berth of Mumbai Port is world famous. It was used by the Maratha Navy, as well as the British and Portuguese colonial navies. The first one of the presently existing berths of the Mumbai Harbor was built in the 1870s. From its inception, the port has acted as the gateway to India and played an important role in the emergence of Mumbai as the commercial capital of India.
The founding chairman of the port Trust of Mumbai was Colonel J.A. Ballard. The Harbor and the corporation took their current names in the 1990s. Over the last decades, the Harbor has undergone tremendous expansions, with the addition of dock and cargo handling facilities. However, Mumbai's increasing growth and population caused a decrease in the rate of growth of the port during the 1970s. This led to the foundation of the Nava Sheva Harbor across Mumbai Port in Navi Mumbai on the Konkan mainland. Cruise liners visiting Mumbai usually choose the Ballard Pier Expansion of Mumbai Port as the berth.
Facilities at Mumbai PortShips are being unloaded at Mumbai Harbor has three enclosed wet berths. The minimum drafts of these three berths are between 21 feet and 23 feet. The Harbor has four jetties on Jawahar Dweep. Jawahar Dweep is an island in the harbor used for the handling of crude and petroleum products. Ballard Pier expansion in the Mumbai port has a passenger terminal with the immigration clearance facilities of cruise liners. There are about 63 anchorage points provided in the Harbor. In the Princess and Victoria berths, ships are allowed to enter and depart only at high tides. But the Indira berths can be used at any time since the dock is not designed as semi tidal. Other facilities at Mumbai port, handled by the Mumbai port trust include 4 jetties on an island in the port for handling the POL and chemicals, customs offices, and an e-clearance facility.
Marine Oil TerminalsFor the effective handling of crude oil and petroleum products, there are four jetties at Jawahar Dweep in the port. Old jetties in the port can accommodate tankers of 170.7 m length while the new one commissioned in December 1996 can handle tankers with a length of 197 m and a draft of 10.5 m. All the jetties are connected to oil refineries by a network of pipelines.
BundersApart from the wet berths, there are number of bunders and open wharves available in the Mumbai port, where the traffic carried by sailing vessels is handled.
Dry DockThe viz. Hughes Dry Dock is the one and only dry berth in the Mumbai port, inside the Indira Berth. The dock has a 304 meters length.
StorageThere are passage sheds at most of the docks and a number of Godowns are provided in the port area for storage of cargos.
Islands in the Mumbai PortThere are six islands in the Mumbai Port. Butcher Island, also known as Jawahar Dweep, is used as an oil terminal in the Mumbai port. It has jetties for tankers and various other frameworks for offloading crude oil and loading refined petroleum products. Cross Island is a small and uninhabited island within the boundary of the port. Elephanta Island, also known as Gharapuri Island, is the most popular island in Mumbai Harbour.
The Elephanta Caves situated on the island have been recognized by UNESCO as a World heritage Site. The Middle Ground, a small islet in the port witnessed ancient gun batteries of Indian navy. Oyster Rock, a group of rocks in the port which is used for the naval exercises and Salsette Island, the largest island in the region are the major other landscapes in the Mumbai port.
Pollution in the Mumbai PortDue to the high population in the Mumbai metropolitan region and the intensely busy maritime trade, the Port is considered to be polluted heavily. Heavy metal flux is found in the creeks near to the port. Most of the pollutants in the port are sinking into the creeks, which results in the loss of biodiversity in the area.
Efforts of the Mumbai Port TrustMumbai port Trust is the reason behind all the heights achieved by the Mumbai port. The efforts by the Mumbai port trust to improve infrastructure facilities, service processes and quality of service are done restlessly. To make the processes and activities in the port more user friendly, the services offered by the Mumbai port are enabled to access electronically. With an intention to encourage all the port trust employees and their children in their educational career, the trust is complimenting and awarding the employees with cash prizes and certificates every year.
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