More than half of the people living in Mumbai are of non-Maharashtrian identity. The major ethnic groups of the city are namely Parsis & Sindhis (South Mumbai), Gujarati (Mulund, Vile Parle, Kandivali, Ghatkopar, Borivali and some areas of southern Mumbai), South Indian community in areas such as Marol and Chembur.
This rich mix of cultures and religions is the fact that makes the city so special. Being an integral part of the state of Maharashtra, Marathi is the official language of the city however, you can easily spot people using other languages such as Gujarati, Hindi and English. A large part of the population of this city belongs to the people that have moved from U.P. and Bihar to Mumbai.
With an ever increasing number of influx of people, space is a premium entity in the city and with sky touching rates of accommodation, a large part of the Mumbai population dwells in slums or ‘Chawls’, which are multi-storied buildings having several single rooms, and these single rooms are shared by the entire families.
However, the newly made apartments which are numerous in number are equipped with all modern amenities, club houses, playgrounds and gardens. Still Mumbai is the most sought after destination for relocation among residents of other cities in India and across the national boundaries. It is a major trade center and is also regarded as the cultural capital of India as it is the home to people belonging to diverse cultures and religions.
Mumbai is the foothold of the Indian film fraternity that is fondly and popularly known as ‘Bollywood’. This multimillion dollar industry has contributed a lot to the city’s financial stability, cultural diversity, identity and its bonding with regions and religions in every part of the world.
It is quite surprising to know that despite of the fact that the city is often blamed for its low maintenance and heavily congested roads, it has a strong infrastructure for public and local private transport. Brihanmumbai Electric Supply & Transport Undertaking i.e. BEST (which has a colossal fleet of around 5,000 buses operating under it), is the lifeline of the city. Also, the next most preferred mode of transport for daily commuters are the local trains that connect various parts of the city. Being a mega city, Mumbai is also very well connected to other cities of the country and also to other parts of the world, via Rail, Road and Air network.
Mumbai is a crowded city with super fast paced life. What's going its people on is its delicious local food. Although the city has countless destinations for almost every kind of cuisine in the world but the most popular among the residents of this city are ‘Vada Pav, Bhel Puri, Batata Vada and Coconut Water’. These are easily available as street food and is very fondly enjoyed by the local people.
People here are warm, friendly and full of life. Owing to the cosmopolitan nature of the city, all the festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Muharram, Christmes, Id and Ganesh Chathurthi are celebrated here with great fervor and zeal. However, due to the reason that the city houses s large population of ‘Marathi people’ the festival of Ganesh Chathurthi is celebrated specially on an extremely large scale. During this festival, the Lord Ganesha is worshiped for ten days and the festival is culminated when people bid adieu to the idols of Lord Ganesha by immersing the in waters.
You notice an incredible mix of architectural styles in the city. During the reign of Britishers, the architecture of the city was based on Indo-Saracenic style. While the UNESCO nominated Victoria Terminus as a World Heritage Site which is a perfect example of Indo-Saracenic style of architecture. Other monuments that are made in the same style are Gateway of India and BMC building.
Victoria Terminus is now known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Marine Drive adopted he deco style of architecture. The city witnessed this style of architecture during the years from 1920-1930.
It would be very unfair not to mention about the film industry of the city which is regarded as one of the largest of its kind in the world. The music of Bollywood movies and songs are popular worldwide. Marathi film industry also thrives well in the city. Mumbai has large number of theaters and art galleries.
Although film industry is a major contributor towards the economy, however the gems and jewellery sector, embroidery, Design and traditional art and craft mark the cultural strength of the city.
With all the magical charisma of the Mumbai culture that hypnotizes people from all over the world, the city is aptly known as “The Dream City of India”.