Mumbai Administration

Being the financial capital of India, Mumbai administration or civic administration of Mumbai is immensely critical for overall economic development and political stability of India. In other words India’s political & economic fortunes are very intrinsically & inherently linked with Mumbai. Any political action or turmoil or for that matter any civic administration failure in Mumbai would have a colossal bearing on entire India. Hence it goes without saying that Mumbai administration or civic administration of Mumbai is indeed a massive and gigantic challenge. This massive challenge is undertaken by many political entities whose civic rights & duties are enshrined in the Constitution of India.

Here is a complete breakdown of all these political entities that are constitutionally entitled for providing efficient civic administration to Mumbai city. Roughly, there are 3 important political entities that are entrusted with civic responsibilities & duties of Mumbai city.
  1. Government of Maharashtra & Union Government of India.
  2. Local self governing body (BMC & NMMC)
  3. Mumbai District Collector or Collectorate.

State Government of Maharashtra & Union Government of India

These two are most supreme political bodies that are directly responsible for civic and economic development of Mumbai city. This is not just true in the case of Mumbai, but in all the 28 states of India. This is so because India is a federal state. What this actually means is that respective State Governments (in Mumbai’s case it is Government of Maharashtra) and Union Government of India are constitutionally bounded to work mutually for economic & political development of the state. However, to avoid any conflict of interest or political crisis the Constitution of India has explicitly divided their rights and duties in three lists: Union list, State list and Concurrent list.

Union list enlists all the functions and rights of Union Government of India towards economic and civic development of all the cities & towns coming under the jurisdiction of state Government.

State list enlists all the functions and rights of State Government that are solely its prerogative and can’t be breached by any interference from Union Government of India.

Concurrent list enlists all the functions and rights shared by Union Government and State Government and have to executed mutually and with proper coordination for overall civic development of all the cities and towns falling under the jurisdiction of State Government.

These 3 lists completely defines administrative relationship between State Government and Union Government of India. And now coming to all important information about current Government of Maharashtra and MPs (member of parliament) representing Maharashtra in the Upper and Lower house of India.

Democratic Front Government

The current State Government of Maharashtra is headed by Democratic Front which is an alliance/coalition government formed by Indian National Congress (INC) and Nationalist Congress party (NCP). The coalition government came into power after convincingly winning the required majority in the State Assembly Elections held in 2009.

The Maharashtra State Assembly constitutes of 288 seats and elections for the same are conducted after every 5 years. As per constitution, for any party to form a government it has to win at least 50% seats, i.e. 144 seats in the case of Maharashtra. The Indian National Congress and Nationalist Congress Party combined won exactly 144 seats. INC won 82 seats and NCP won 62 seats. They eventually formed the state government with the help of independent MLA’s (member of legislature).

Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Maharashtra Legislative Building

Members of Parliament (MP’s) from Mumbai City

Members of Parliament or MPs are elected members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, who are elected via general election conducted after every 5 years. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha constitute the Indian Parliament located in New Delhi, which is the highest legislative and administrative body of India and is permanent seat of Union or Central government of India.
 
As mentioned earlier India is a federal state wherein respective State governments have to coordinate with Union or Central government for better civic administration. And as of today Mumbai is represented by 6 constituencies at Lok Sabha which constitutes of total 533 seats (please note members of Rajya Sabha are elected indirectly).

In other words, Mumbai is represented by 6 Members of Parliament or MP’s at Lok Sabha who are entrusted with responsibility of raising civic problems that their respective constituencies are facing in Lok Sabha. MP’s also receive ‘Development Fund’ from Central Government for economic development of their constituencies.

Rajya Sabha MPs of Mumbai

Although Rajya Sabha MP’s are elected indirectly, i.e. elected by Lok Sabha members, they however have same duties and responsibilities as that of Lok Sabha MP’s. Likewise they too are entrusted with ‘Development Fund’ and are expected to raise civic problems their respective constituencies are facing.

Local Governing Bodies – BMC and NMMC

With State Government and Union Government already burdened with homogenous responsibilities, it is obvious that basic civic responsibilities of big metropolitan cities like Mumbai are likely to be overlooked and which would invariably mean that citizens of such eminent cities would invariably suffer. This is where local governing bodies like Municipal Corporation come into play, an important entity that was formed during British regime solely for the purpose of looking after basic civic responsibilities of big metropolitan cities like Mumbai city.

BMC (Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation) and Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) are two Municipal Corporations that are solely responsible for fulfilling basic civic responsibilities of Mumbai city. Their basic civic responsibilities mainly pertain to healthcare, education, sewage management and many other citizen related responsibilities that don’t come under the purview of State as well as Union government.


Administration in Mumbai.
Mumbai BMC building

The BMC jurisdiction constitutes of Greater Mumbai and almost entire Suburban Mumbai area, whereas NMMC’s jurisdiction is limited only to Navi Mumbai area. While NMMC was formed only in 1992 and is merely 2 decades old, BMC on other hand is the oldest Municipal Corporation of India; formed way back in year 1882 by British administration. However, what makes it even more eminent is the fact that it is the richest Municipal Corporation of India. in fact BMC’s annual budget is more than that of some of the small states of India.

Given below are the basic functions and responsibilities of BMC and NMMC.
  • Management of water supply.
  • Ensuring public healthcare and maintenance of government hospitals in Mumbai.
  • Maintenance of all roads/streets in Mumbai.
  • Sewage disposal.
  • Removal of encroachments.
  • Pay and park.
  • Taking all necessary precautionary measures to prevent epidemic outbreaks.
  • Maintenance of gardens and lakes.

As for organizational structure or hierarchy, both BMC and NMMC are headed by Municipal Commissioner, who is the highest executive head and wields all executive power. Municipal Commissioner is also diligently assisted by team of additional & assistant commissioners. Municipal Commissioner and his or her entire team are IAS officers who are directly appointed by Government of Maharashtra. However, notwithstanding the executive powers of Municipal Commissioner & his or her team, they nevertheless have to take into confidence the Mayor and Corporators before taking any important decision. This is so because Mayor and Corporators are directly elected by people of their wards during Municipal Corporation election held after every 5 years.

The Municipal Corporation election bears the same characteristics as that of state assembly or general elections. As in entire city is divided into many constituencies or wards, from where candidates from different political parties stand during election and seek votes from people of respective wards. The victorious candidates are eventually sworn in as Corporators, who are obviously entrusted with responsibility of civic development of their respective wards. As for the selection process of Mayor, any political party with highest number of Corporators has the constitutional right to elect a Mayor. A Mayor, although largely a ceremonial post, has a significant bearing on day-to-day functioning of Municipal Corporation.

Contact information’s of Municipal Commissioner and other important officers of BMC & NMMC.

BMC

  • Municipal Commissioner
    Phone no: 0091-22-22620525, Email: mc@mcgm.gov.in

  • Additional Municipal Commissioner:
    Rajiv Jalota, Phone no: 22620251 (ext: 2313), 22620809

  • Additional Municipal Commissioner (Western Suburbs):
    Phone no: 22620251 (ext: 2327), 22620433

  • Additional Municipal Commissioner (City):
    Phone no: 22620251 (ext: 2331), 22623004

  • Additional Municipal Commissioner (E.Subs):
    Phone no: 22620251 (ext: 2314), 22620149.

NMMC

  • Commissioner:
    Phone no: (022) 27710170, 27571095

  • Additional Commissioner:
    Phone no: (022) 2757 3028, Mobile no: 9821340890

  • Mayor:
    Phone no: (022) 275552871, Mobile no: 982117127

  • Deputy Mayor:
    (022) 27726268, Mobile no: 9820079594.

District Collector

After State & Union Government and Local Self Governing bodies comes the important role of District Collector or Magistrate in the efficient civic administration of Mumbai city. Traditionally, in India district collector’s function mainly pertains to revenue collection and land acquisition record (property records). However, there is more to district collector’s function, but the above mentioned functions are considered as the most fundamental and important.

An efficient & competent District Collector always ensures that state’s revenue collections never dips down and successfully abolishes illegal use of land. The importance of an efficient District Collector is more so important in the case of Mumbai as it is the financial capital of India and more importantly its real estate prices are amongst highest in the world.

Mumbai city has not one but two District Collectors. This is because Mumbai city is divided into 2 revenue district divisions, Mumbai City District and Mumbai Suburban District.

The jurisdiction of Mumbai City District extends from Colaba in the South to Mahim on the western side and Sion on the eastern side; whereas jurisdiction of Mumbai Suburban District extends from extends from Bandra to Dahisar, from Kurla (Chuna Bhatti) to Mulund and from Kurla up to Trombay Creek.

District collector of Mumbai City District
Phone no: (022) -22661231 , 22662440.

District Collector of Mumbai Suburban District
Phone no: (022) 26414742, 26556806.

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