Lakes in Mumbai
Famous Lakes in MumbaiVihar Lake
Vihar lake, one of the largest lakes in Mumbai, is situated in close proximity to Sanjay Gandhi national Park. This lake that situates between Powai Lake and Tulsi Lake, stretches across 27 miles. Vihar Lake, which is the main source of portable water in Mumbai, meets the water requirements up to 3% of the city’s southern region. This beautiful lake is nestled within hills and foliage of vegetation and also popular for the migratory and the native birds. The sunset at a serene environment here will be a beautiful view for the visitors. This lake has a water treatment plant at the northern banks that is outfitted with water pipelines to run across the eastern fringes of the Vihar Lake. Even though the authorites do not give permission to enter the lake, interested tourists can visit here with permission from them. It is easily accessible to the people by train, bus or by hiring taxi from Mumbai city.
Tansa lake, which is situated in Thane district, is around 100 km away from the city of Mumbai. This picturesque lake, which is one among the largest lakes in Mumbai City, has the capacity of 3 million gallons of water. It is the main source of drinking water to Mumbai. The wildlife sanctuary located near Tansa Lake occupies an area of 216.75 sq km and is home to several wild animals like tiger, sambar, panther, wild boar, bonnet macaque, jackal and cheetal barking deer. This lake that is nestled amidst thick forest and located at mahuli hills is a real blessing to wildlife as a drinking water source since centuries now. Tansa Lake is about 85.3 kms from Mumbai Airport and 14 km away from Atgaon on the Central line, the nearest railway station.
Tulsi Lake, the fresh water lake has second place in size in lakes of Mumbai City. It is located in northern Mumbai on the Salsette isaland within the premises of Sanjay Gandhi National Park (also known as (Borivali National Park). The construction of a dam across River Tasso and redirection of the water lead to the formation of Tulsi Lake. This lake has a catchment area of about 676 hectares of Powai-kanheri hill ranges that is refilled with rainwater. It is actually a back-up for the Vihar Lake and so the water in this lake flows out into the Powai Lake during monsoons. Tulsi Lake, with its natural splendour and the diverse flora and fauna, makes a nice place for people to relax from the daily chores of city life. Sustainable number of freshwater crocodiles called ‘Mugger’ or ‘Marsh Crocodiles’ is another highlight of the lake. You have to take special permission to visit this lake, situated 32 km in the north Mumbai.
The Bhatsa lake, which is considered as the main source of water supply in the city of Mumbai, is also used for various purposes such as irrigation and hydroelectricity generation. This dam that is built on Bhatsa and Chorna rivers has a height of around 89 meters and length of 960 meters. Bhatsa River Valley, which lies on the basin of the river, is popular for its scenic beauty. Bhatsa Lake is located between Shahpur and Khardi on national Highway 3 and is about 96 km away from Mumbai city. The lake is covered by jungle and greenery that gives an ideal solitude location suited for a day out. You can enjoy the flowing stream with pin-drop silence and the humming of birds here.
Vaitarna Lake, even though it is not actually in Mumbai, is a very important source of water for Mumbai city and far north locations such as Vasai, Vihar and Tulsi Lake. It is located in Wada village in Thane district that is quite near to Manor on western Experss highway. This lake, which is divided into upper, lower and middle Vaitarna Dam, is a real relief to villagers of virar vasai zone, as they are struggling with fewer water supplies. The nearest lakes near Vaitarna are Tansa and Batsa. You can reach here by bus from Khardi railway station that is 17 km away from the lake.
Modak sagar, which is situated in Thane district on the Lower Vaitarna Lake, supplies a part of drinking water requirements of Mumbai City. This dam that is built by British Military in 1701 on the river Vaitarna supplies 455 million litres of water every day to Thane.
The gorgeous lakes that are surrounded by lush green vegetation are most valuable natural resources of Mumbai, as they are widely used for personal and commercial purposes.