Jawaharlal Nehru Port
Jawaharlal Nehru Port, which is also known as Nhava Sheva is one of the most advanced ports in Maharashtra. The port lies close to the Arabian Sea and accounts for the economical growth of the Maharashtra state. The port was established to improve the shipping capacity in Mumbai and to supply an alternative to merchants who wish to save octroi charges applied by the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Jawaharlal Nehru Port trust (JNPT) also provides daily ferry service to Gateway of India. The Central Industrial Security Force, one of the most denominated security agencies in the country cares the security aspects of the port. It is well connected to main highways and rail networks in India. New terminals are planning to be set up to cope up with the present deficiencies in the port.
History of the Jawaharlal Nehru PortJawaharlal Nehru Port, located near to Navi Mumbai was established by hiten maturer, on the Konkan mainland. Nhava Sheva port was developed to solve the decreased growth rates of the Mumbai port. It was inaugurated on 26 May 1989. It is one of the largest ports in the world. Nhava Sheva Port is run by the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, a corporation completely owned by the Government of India. The port was built to strengthen the Mumbai Port, the distinguished port of India. It also enabled importers to avoid the octroi tax on goods for entering Mumbai city by the Municipal Corporation of Mumbai.
Jawaharlal Nehru harbor foundation was originally planned to open in 1965. The original plans anticipate the port to use for the importing of the food grains, since India faced an exceeding food shortfall during the time. But after the Green Revolution in India, the country gained enough food grain production, so the plans for the port was changed. According to the new plan the main intention of the port was container trafficking. The barge service operates between Nhava Sheva Port and the Gateway of India is very famous in Mumbai. The closest suburban rail heads to the location are CBD Belapur and Panvel.
Facilities at the Jawaharlal Nehru PortThe Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT) is leased to a corporation led by P & O, which is now a part of DP World. It has a 600 meters (2,000 ft) quay length with two docks. It can stem up to 15.6 million tons of cargo. NSICT was India’s first privately managed container terminal. The Gateway Terminal (GTI) has been leased to a consortium of APM Terminals and the Container Corporation of India. It started operations in 2006 and the port mostly handles crude imports and refined petroleum products exports at its 2 docks.
Marine Service in Jawaharlal Nehru Port
- Pilotage: The port provides 24*7 hours pilotage to all ocean going vessels contacting the port.
- Night Navigation: Since February 1998, it has launched night sailing of long Panamax Container Vessels up to 270 M LOA and 12 M draft on a regular basis, which are largest vessels to transact the Mumbai port at night.
- Vessel Traffic Management System: Regular coordination of vessel movement, collection, verification, organization and dissemination of information is enabled through this system.
- Anti Pollution measures: The pollution control and regular inspection on all vessels entering the port is imposed.
Other activities in Jawaharlal Nehru PortThe Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JN Port), India’s largest gateway to container trade has given significant contribution to the development of the country and the state. Some of them are mentioned below:
- Plantation of trees inside the terminal
- Awareness movements through banner display, special tool box talks, and sharing environmental information.
- Elocution and quiz competition
- Tree plantation and Environmental awareness programs at local schools ensuring the involving of students and teachers
- Tree plantation and environmental awareness in nearby villages
Future Plans of Jawaharlal Nehru Port
- Jawaharlal Nehru Port, situated in Mumbai, is the biggest container handling harbor in India. They are handling around 60 per cent of the country's containerized cargo and the growth rates are expected to be higher in the coming years.
- The port is aiming at a long term goal of achieving 10 million twenty foot equivalent units (TEU's) by the year 2014-15
- Jawaharlal Nehru Port already has a customs house, 23 container freight stations and a large number of inland container depots spread across the country. The port has more plans of expansion.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust will soon invite bids to build a fourth terminal on its premises with a capacity to handle 4.8 million ton of container every year.
Achievements and Awards
- This port is approved with ISO 9001:2008 & ISO 27001:2005 certification.
- ISPS Code compliant facility is enabled here.
- Achieved the Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award
- Selected for the Lloyds List Award to the Best Port Authority in 2005
Traffic in Jawaharlal Nehru PortMain exports from Nhava Sheva Port are textiles, carpets, textile machinery, sporting goods, boneless meat, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. The major imports in the port are machinery, chemicals, plastics, vegetable oils, electrical machinery, aluminum and other non-ferrous metals. The port handles cargo traffic mostly generated in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, and most of the North Indian states.
Jawaharlal Nehru Port – Where It is Located?Jawaharlal Nehru Port is located at the eastern end of Mumbai in the Nhava Sheva area of Maharashtra. Jawaharlal Nehru Port’s approach channel is an extension of the Mumbai harbor’s main channel from the south of Jawahar Dweep Island. The Elephanta Island is visible from the one side of the port, while the Nhava and Sheva islands are located at the opposite side. Jawaharlal Nehru Port lies towards the east side of the famous Mumbai Port.
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