The Geography of Mumbai

Call it- ‘Aamchi Mumbai’, ‘Majha Mumbai’, ‘Mumbai Meri Jaan’ or ‘City of Dreams’…Mumbai is a city which every Indian and tourist from across the world, wants to visit for at least once in a lifetime.
Originally formed as seven different islands situated on Salsette Island off the shore of Maharashtra, according to the historical evidences; they were compound in the 18th century to form one large island- Mumbai. These novel seven islands of Bombay actually consisted of 22 hills, out of which some hills are still standing today, namely:

  • Sewri Hill
  • Gilbert Hill
  • Worli Hill
  • Pali Hill
  • Malabar Hill — the highest point in the city area
  • Cumbala Hill
  • Antop Hill
  • Golanji Hill
  • Pulshachi Dongri
  • Salamati Hill
  • Mazgaon Hill
  • Sion Hill
  • Mahakali Hill

Above mentioned all the hills stand within the city limits and give Mumbai a perfect picture to look around. Most of the hill ranges were razed to fill in the shallows in order to connect the islands to form a single one.

Mumbai city, formerly or popular as Bombay is reportedly once and again the most populous city in India and the fourth most populous one across the world. Also, being the capital of the Indian state of Marathas i.e Maharashtra, Mumbai geographically lies on the western coastal area of India that has a deep natural harbour.

Geography of Mumbai

The earlier mentioned seven islands were the homes for the communities belonging from the fishing colonies. According to several historical sources, the islands were under control of successive indigenous empires for many-many centuries, even long way before Portuguese and Britishers invaded through the coasts.

The Geographical Beauty of Mumbai

It is being already mentioned that many years ago, Bombay was formed by the merging of seven islands consisting of 22 or so hills during the 18 century. If we are talking about the hills and their ranges, so let’s start with more details.

Geography of Mumbai
Geographically, there are three hill ranges within the city limits namely the Ghatkopar Hills which are present near the station of the same name. This particular hill range runs parallel to the Central Railway track of India and is completely inhabited by slums. Secondly, the Trombay Hills which occupy a huge portion of the area known as Trombay that lies on the eastern part of the city.

And lastly, the Powai Hills- which are located in the northern part of the city Mumbai and consist of large and famous lake of the same name- Powai. Also the Vihar and Tulsi Lakes are present withi the hill ranges. The Borivali National Park occupies most of the region. So, in total there are three lagoons in the city viz. Vihar, Tulsi and Powai Lake. Both the former ones are located within the National Park and the latter one is directly south of them. The Highest hill amongst the all is about 302 metres above the sea level.

Mumbai has been always famous and favored for its pleasant weather as the city lies under the monsoon belt of India. Mumbai is famous for its rains and rains. There are also many rivers in Mumbai of utter importance namely:


  • Ulhas River- Originates adjacent Karjat in the Western Ghats Range, and currents westward through Raigad and Thane districts of Maharashtra.
  • Oshiwara River- Initiates in the Aarey Milk Colony, the river nicks over the Goregaon hills, through the Aarey Milk Colony before draining into the Malad Creek.
  • Poisar River- The river arises in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and drains into the Marve Creek and lastly into the Arabian Sea.
  • Mithi River- The river is also known as Mahim River is in Salsette Island and is a confluence of tail water discharges of Vihar and Powai lakes.
  • Dahisar River- This one is also on Salsette Island and runs through Dahisar, a suburb of Mumbai, India. It originates at the spillway of the Tulsi Lake in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park situated in the northern reaches of the city.

Talking of Bay and creeks Black Bay is the largest bay in the city and Mumbai has numerous mangroves  and creeks along its coast such as Vasai creek, Thane creek, Malad creek to name a few.

Population and Population Growth in Mumbai

After so many census reports, Mumbai is one of the most populated cities in the world holding first and fourth positions in India and world, respectively. This business capital has given shelter to more than 13000000 people (figures mentioned according to the latest reports estimated back in the year 2012). The population of Mumbai has grown rapidly in last 20 years like every other metropolitan cities in India. The search for better employment opportunities and bit upgraded lifestyle are the probable reasons behind the population growth in Mumbai.

It is also speculated that in the coming 20 years, the population of Mumbai will reach 10 times more than its figure back in 1950. To check the same, awareness of population programs especially in the slum and remote areas has been carried by many social organizations over past few years. Keep all the reasons at one side or the other, Mumbai will still be one of the best amongst the metros in India and remain as the ‘city of dreams’.

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Comments / Discussion Board - The Geography of Mumbai

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    Sunita Bijlani from Raebareli 1275 Days ago

    I think that Mumbai is situated at the best geographical location of India because there are lots of beaches and lakes in and around Mumbai. People have lots of fun things to do here and it also attracts tourist to visit Mumbai.

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