Flora Fountain Mumbai
History of the Flora Fountain MumbaiThe history of the Flora Fountain lies associated with the old Mumbai Fort. Sir Bartle Frere the Mumbai governor of that time encouraged the municipal improvements in the rapidly growing Mumbai city. As a part of this the Fort was demolished by the British East India Company and a small road called as the Hornby Road was widened into a broad avenue.
The Hornby road is presently known as the Dadabhai Naoroji Road (D.N. Road), a site of colonial monuments and Crawford Market linked to the Victoria Terminus accessing the Flora Fountain. The fountain was erected on the place where the church gate, one of the major 3 gates of the Mumbai fort, was existed before the demolition of the fort.
The Agri Horticultural Society of Western India took the initiatives for the construction of the fountain and famous architecture Richard Norman Shaw designed the structure of the Flora Fountain. Imported Portland stones were the main constituent of construction of the fountain.
The proposed name of the fountain was the name of the Mumbai governor of that time, Sir Bartle Frere, who took initiatives for the great public infrastructures in Mumbai. But the name of the fountain was confirmed as 'Flora", the roman goddess of flowers and spring season before its unveiling.
Hutatma ChowkThe place is called as the Picadilly Circle of Mumbai as it is the meeting point of five streets in the city. The place known before as the flora fountain area, was renamed as the Hutatma Chowk as a tribute to the martyrs who lost their lives in the square as a part of the protests for the formation of the Maharashtra state and a stone statue of a pair of torch holding patriots was erected in the square. The Maharashtra Legislative Assembly played an important role in the construction of this tribute to the martyrs.
Projects to keep the Flora Fountain heritage safeThe large sized sign boards are commonly seen in the location of Flora Fountain and the Dadabhai Naoroji Road (D.N. Road). The Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (MMRDA) and people of the area started a project called “Dadabhai Naoroji Road Heritage Streetscape Project” for the maintaining and developing of the heritage sites in the area.
As a part of this, regulation of the shop fronts and sign boards was announced in the location. “The Heritage Mile Association” is an association of shopkeepers active in the location to restore the heritage character of the Dadabhai Naoroji Road with the public participation. As a result of these efforts The Mumbai Metropolitan Regional Development Authority was chosen for the UNESCO’s “Asia Pacific Heritage Award of Merit in the year 2004.