The Churchgate, which is also famous in the name of Veer Nariman Street, is a well populated and developed area in the downtown South Mumbai. The Mumbai was a city covered with walls around it, in the time period between the 18th and mid 19th century. This city wall had three major gates.
The church gate was one of those gates and the gate has been named after the St. Thomas Cathedral in Mumbai
. The location of church gate is very near to the present location of the renowned monument in the city, flora fountain. During the second half of the 19th century, these walls around the Mumbai city were removed for the sake of expansion and development of the city. Presently the church gate is one of the major railway terminus in the Mumbai Suburban Railway's Western line.
The Churchgate Railway Terminus
The history of the church gate railway terminus lies associated with the history of old Mumbai. The old Mumbai was a city covered with walls around it. Church gate was one of the 3 gates of the city wall. Now the church gate hosts the famous Churchgate railway terminus, which is figured in the list of top railway stations in the city in case of passenger density. The Churchgate is the first railway station started working under the Western Railway suburban network in Mumbai. Colaba station was the southern end station in Mumbai till the year of 1931 and when the railway line after the Churchgate was cancelled in 1931, the Churchgate obtained the position of the south end railway station in the Mumbai city.
In 1855, the Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway were inaugurated along with the beginning of
construction works of 29 miles lengthy railway lines from Ankleshwar to Uttaran and the line extended up to Bombay in 1859. The first suburban train in Mumbai was started its service in the month of April in 1867.
Following this, the churchgate was declared as a station in 1870. Presently the station is the headquarters of the Western Railway in Mumbai. A huge no. of commuters in the city is making use of the station and people prefer to reside in the places close to the station for the convenient daily traveling to their offices.
The station mainly focuses on the local trains and passengers within the city. The train departs to Virar at 4:15 A.M, which is the first train from the station and train to Borivali at 1:00 A.M is the last train departing from the station every day. Earlier the platforms in the station were designed to accommodate trains with a maximum of 12 coaches. But when the trains with 15 coaches are introduced in Mumbai, the station had to undergo some extension works and this work started in the year of 2010.
Origin of the name Churchgate
The presence of the St. Thomas Church near to the location is the reason behind the word church in the name Churchgate and the word gate refers to one of the gates of the old Mumbai city existed in the area near to the St. Thomas cathedral.
Major locations to visit near to the Churchgate Mumbai
The Churchgate is a prominent location in the Mumbai city. Including reputed organizations and banks. So many establishments are figured in the list of offices in the area. The place hosts the Mumbai high court, which is closer to the flora fountain. The marine drive, renowned in the name queen's necklace and the posh side of the city, Nariman Point are some of the important sites in the area. The Nariman Point lies over the land reclaimed from the sea and acts as a major business hub in Mumbai. Brabourne Stadium, Wankhede Cricket Stadium, Mahindra Hockey Stadium and Oval Maidan are located close to the location and the popular tourist locations such as Elephanta Caves
, Gateway of India, and Rajabhai Tower is easily accessible from Churchgate.
Churchgate, as a Shopping Destination in Mumbai
Churchgate in the South Mumbai hosts a no. of heritage buildings and is also one of the shopping hubs in the city. The accessibility and the increasing no. of visitors made it one of the prominent shopping areas in the city. Saris are the most demanded item of sale in the location. And the location is considered in the list of few locations in the city where the experience of sightseeing and shopping is available together.
Churchgate, as an Educational center
The Churchgate is also famous as one of the educational centers in Mumbai. Various educational institutions such as Jai Hind College, University of Mumbai, Government Law College, Indo German Training Center and K.C. College are working in the nearby places of the Churchgate.